a suffix serving to form adverbs, as always, evenings, needs, unawares.

Compare -ways. {Middle English and Old English -es, originally genitive singular ending}
an ending which marks the third person singular indicative active of verbs, as in gets.

{northern Middle English and Old English -(e)s (originally ending of second person, as in Latin and Greek); replacing Middle English and Old English -(e)th}
1. an ending which marks the regular plural of nouns, as in dogs.

2. a quasi-plural ending occurring in nouns for which there is no proper singular, as trousers, shorts, scissors.
3. a plural ending used to indicate a subject of study, area of activity, etc.: physics; draughts.
{Middle English -es, Old English -as, nominative and accusative plural of certain classes of strong nouns}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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